This is a relatively new one on me:  feebates.  As described here, feebates involve charging a fee on one end, and using the proceeds on another, the idea being to promote a market shift.

Here are a few examples of proposed feebates from

-a fee of 10% on sales of new gasoline cars, with proceeds used to fund rebates on zero emission cars
-a fee of 10% on sales of fossil fuel, with proceeds used to fund rebates on purchase and installation of renewable energy facilities
-a fee of 10% on sales of building and construction work that used polluting concrete (i.e. that contributed to global warming), with rebates on purchase of clean concrete

The current wikipedia definition of feebates is a bit abstruse:

Feebate” is a portmanteau of “fee” and “rebate”. In general, a feebate program is a self-financing system of fees and rebates that are used to shift the costs of externalities produced by the private expropriation, fraudulent abstraction, or outright destruction of public goods onto those market actors responsible for the taking of the public goods in question. Originally coined in the 1990s, feebate programs have typically been used to shift buying habits in the transportation and energy sectors.

But the wiki article is interesting, with a few examples and discussion of what promoters and detractors say about feebates.